Freida Lock

Born: 1902, Cheshire, England Died: 1962, London, England Freida Lock was born in Cheadle Hume, Cheshire, England. She studied one year of Agriculture at Reading University in 1919. From the year 1932 to 1934 she studied at the Heatherly school of Art and Central School of Art in London. Her were parents were opposed to the idea of a painting career, for that reason she began her studies for Bsc in Agriculture. Her studies were interrupted by her family’s departure to South Africa.
Freida Lock’s father established a fruit farm near Stellenbosch and for some time she remained on the farm, assisting in management of the cattle and fruit packing. In 1932 she finally commenced in her art career. In 1938 she participated in forming the New Group with Gregoire Boonzaier and Terence Mccaw. These three artists have been called “Cape Impressionists” and for a time their landscapes were painted in a similar style. Lock was a spirited and adventurous woman, and in 1948 she travelled to Zanzibar where she painted portraits and street scenes, capturing the exoticism of costume and lifestyle. Freida Lock was particularly known for interiors and still life studies, but her range of subject matter was all- embracing. She painted many landscapes which reflect the formative influence of Van Gogh and the imprint of the Cornwall School. In 1962 she died in London, England.

Artist CV

Art education

- 1919 : One year of Agriculture at Reading University. - 1932 – 1934 : Heatherley School of Art, London; General School of Art, London.

Short Biography

- Her parents were opposed to a painting career, so Freida Lock began studies for BSc in Agriculture.
- 1920 : studies interrupted by family’s departure for South Africa; her father established a fruit-farm near Stellenbosch; for some time she remained on theLock, Freida farm, assisting in management of cattle and in fruit-packing; subsequently undertook variety of jobs; governess, chauffeurs, journalist.

- 1932 : Freida Lock finally commenced full-time painting career; went to London to study.

- 1935 : Freida Lock returned to Cape Town.

- 1938 : Founder-member of New Group; a vivid, unconventional personality; she maintained a stall on the Grand Parade in Cape Town for many years – providing there a regular rendezvous for artists and art-lovers.

- 1947 – 1949 : Freida Lock traveled and painted in Zanzibar and Lamu for 18 moths; later departed permanently from South Africa; settled in Portugal, but Freida Lock died subsequently in London (in penury in the Italian hospital; old friends donated paintings to raise funds to meet the funeral fees).


- 1938 : Regular participation on all New Group exhibitions.

- 1943 : First one-man exhibition, Cape Town, (seven years’ work).

- 1948 : Overseas Exhibition of South African Art, Tate Gallery, et al.

- 1952 : Van Riebeeck Tercent Exhibition, Cape Town.

- 1953 : Rhodes Cent Exhibitions, Bulawayo.

Public Art Collections

South African National Gallery, Cape Town; Durban Art Gallery; William Humphreys Art Gallery, Kimberley; King George VI Gallery, Port Elizabeth; University of Wits Galleries.

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